Fact 37: The City of Athens was named after Athena. A Brief Reference to the History of Athens. Kekrops (circa 1600 – 1100 BCE) according to the Athenian legends, was the mythical king of Athens who organized Attica into twelve towns according to Strabo: Aphidna, Brauron, Dekelia, Eleusis, Epakria, Kekropia, Kephisia, Kytherros, Tetrakomoi, Tetrapolis, Thorikos, and Sphettos. The myth says that Poseidon gave a spring with sea water whilst Athena offered an olive tree as she touched the ground of the sacred rock of the Acropolis. Fact 38: Medusa used to be a priestess to the goddess Athena. Athena and Poseidon went head to head, offering the city gifts. According to legend, Athena and Poseidon competed for patronage of the city and who gave its residents the best gift, would receive the city. It was given to her during the reign of Cecrops, the first king of Athens. ... Legend has it, that seeds from the sacred tree were planted across Attica and that the olive trees that surround the city of Athens are its descendants, which continue to ensure the success of olive cultivation to this day; a symbol of Athena's enduring gift. Athens is named after athena. Myths say that she was literally born from Zeus. Mycenaean Funeral Masks including the Mask of Agamemnon (middle) from Athens’ National Archaeological Museum. It is after him that the Erechtheion was named. The citizens of this ancient city would have grown up surrounded by myths and legends, and ceremonies and rituals to appease the Gods would have been part of daily life. Poseidon gave them a water well while Athena's olive tree was declared the best gift by King Cecrops. Athens was named according to the Greek mythology from competition that the goddess Athena had with Poseidon about who will become protector of the city. Although scholars believe that the god Athena was named after Athens, there is an old story disputing that theory. Athena is the name behind the city of Athens. Mythology. According to legend, the first king of Athens, Cecrops, wanted to found the city under his name.The gods intervened, foreseeing a glorious future for … According to the legend… Athens was named after Athena who triumphed the guardian position of the city. Aegina: The island is located near Athens and owes its name to Greek mythology and more specifically to the daughter of ancient Greek god Asopus, named Aegina. The legend of Athena is an important part of Greek mythology. Athens has been inhabited continuously for at least 5000 years, and it is likely that the legends associated with how Athens was named have been around just as long. She is considered to have been the Goddess of wisdom, to whom values like justice and reason are ascribed. There is a good display of how Ostracism once worked in the Museum of the Ancient Agora in Athens. Argos. According to the myth, it was named after Arcas, a hunter who became its king. Athens was named after the Goddess Athena. "Greetings from Athens, Georgia ... and the plant is named after, her according to the legend. Athens is named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom who won the city from Poseidon. Posideon and Athena both wanted to be guardians of it so they had a contest to see who could give the city a better gift. According to Greek mythology, the city of Athens owes its name to goddess Athena. Medusa is known because her hair, which was made out of snakes. The cape is surrounded by the Aegean Sea, which, according to Greek mythology, was named after Aegeus after he jumped to his tragic death due to a mistaken belief that his son had died. 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