[54] It may be related to the Greek word ταρασσω (tarasso) meaning to disturb. Take a look at Dandelion family classification in the upcoming sections. [6][7][8][9] The name "blowball" has also been used.[10]. It is one of the oldest … Genus: Taraxacum. Dandelion Beer is a rustic fermented drink common in many parts of the country and made also in Canada. [26], The second group consists of polyploid (mostly triploid) apomicts, meaning that both a viable embryo as well as a functional endosperm is formed without prior fertilization. The silky pappi, which form the parachutes, are white to silver-white in color and around 6 mm wide. These scientific names are the combination of two terms: the genus and the species. Gledhill, David (2008). These balls are usually called "clocks" in both British and American English. Wigg. [14] The taxonomy of this genus has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species,[17] subspecies and microspecies. The common name dandelion from French dent-de-lion, meaning dandelion; Other Scientific Names. ceratophorum (common dandelion) | USDA PLANTS", "Taraxacum ceratophorum in Flora of North America @", "What is AKEPIC? Wigg. The Plants Database includes the following 9 species of Taraxacum . December 3, 2020. common dandelion genus Plants have milky latex and the leaves are all basal; each flowering stem lacks bracts and has one single flower head. Ground roasted dandelion root can be used as a non-caffeinated coffee substitute. References: Fernald (1933), Brouillet (2006). In Silesia and other parts of Poland and the world, dandelion flowers are used to make a honey substitute syrup with added lemon (so-called May-honey). [35] It is also an important weed in agriculture and causes significant economic damage because of its infestation in many crops worldwide. [43], T. officinale has a fossil record that goes back to glacial and interglacial times in Europe. Native … [49] It has also been used in a saison ale called Pissenlit (the French word for dandelion, literally meaning "wet the bed") made by Brasserie Fantôme in Belgium. What is the scientific name for the dandelion? The leaves are high in beta-carotene, vitamin C and iron. The only way to identify it with certainty is to examine mature fruits (seeds), which in this species, are dull brick red to reddish or purplish brown (not olive-colored to greenish brown, as in the common dandelion). In contrast to the sexual diploids, the pairing of chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid apomicts is strongly reduced. The Flora of Victoria (1994) list two Australian native species (Native Dandelion – T. cygnorum from the far south-west and Mountain Dandelion – T. aristum from the subalpine ranges) and one species group, one unnamed species and four sections containing the introduced species. dandelion. PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. The dandelion’s name comes from the French phrase “dent de lion”, which means "lion's tooth". The fruits, called cypselae,[13] range in color from olive-green or olive-brown to straw-colored to grayish, they are oblanceoloid in shape and 2–3 mm (0.079–0.118 in) long with slender beaks. Wigg. [52], Yellow dye colors can be obtained from the flowers but little color can be obtained from the roots of the plant. The seeds are also a common contaminant in crop and forage seeds. Registered charity number 207238. Scientific name: Taraxacum officinale. "The Names of Plants". [51], Dandelion has been used in traditional medicine in Europe, North America, and China. It occurs in all 50 states of the US and most Canadian provinces. The plants are adaptable to most soils and the seeds are not dependent on cold temperatures before they will germinate but they need to be within the top 2.5 cm (1 in) of soil.[25]. Also, the seeds are very easy to collect and process for birdseed. [55], Taraxalisin is a serine proteinase found in the latex of dandelion roots. [50], T. officinale's diuretic properties have been well described, with the leaves of this plant having been used for this purpose in traditional Chinese medicine for approximately 2,000 years, with other regions of the world using the plant in the same way; in French, a common name for T. officinale is pissenlit, 'a colorful description of its diuretic activity.' For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. Taraxacum officinale grows from generally unbranched taproots and produces one to more than ten stems that are typically 5–40 cm (2.0–15.7 in) tall, but sometimes up to 70 cm (28 in) tall. ceratophorum (Ledeb.) Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion[5] (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). The taxonomy of this genus has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species, subspecies and microspecies. The leaves (called dandelion greens) can be eaten cooked or raw in various forms, such as in soup or salad. [41], While not in bloom, this species is sometimes confused with others, such as Chondrilla juncea, that have similar basal rosettes of foliage. Not generally used in the home landscape. Dandelions scientific name comes from the Greek words for “disorder” and “remedy.” The Greeks felt that no matter what ailed you, dandelion would help In China, and dandelion has been used to treat serious conditions for more than 1,000 years. ... Genus. | Alaska Natural Heritage Program", "The biology of Canadian weeds. Raw leaves have a slightly bitter taste. Posted by December 12, 2020 Leave a comment on dandelion species name December 12, 2020 Leave a comment on dandelion species name [34], T. officinale can serve as an indicator plant for soil potassium and calcium, as the plant favours soils deficient in the latter but rich in the former. [54][verification needed], The Latin specific epithet officinale refers to the Latin word for 'medicinal' or 'of the apothecaries'. [37] The seeds remain viable in the seed bank for many years, with one study showing germination after nine years. Subordinate Taxa. [26], Taraxacum officinale has many English common names (some of which are no longer in use), including blowball, lion's-tooth, cankerwort, milk-witch, yellow-gowan, Irish daisy, monks-head, priest's-crown and puff-ball;[27] other common names include, faceclock, pee-a-bed, wet-a-bed,[28] swine's snout,[29] white endive, and wild endive. Called the red-seeded dandelion (T. erythrospermum), it, too, was introduced long ago from Europe. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . Also see Dandelion … Wigg. [36], The dandelion is a common colonizer of disturbed habitats, both from wind blown seeds and seed germination from the seed bank. For example, the common dandelion is a controversial taxon: some botanists consider it to consist of over a hundred species, and others regard it as a single species. You'll get a fun kids wildlife magazine packed…, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recogni… Wigg", "Taraxacum campylodes G.E.Haglund — The Plant List", "Definition of "blowball" - Collins English Dictionary", "dandelion clock - Definition from Longman English Dictionary Online", "Clock dictionary definition - clock defined", "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Taraxacum officinale in Flora of North America @", "Ecological and evolutionary opportunities of apomixis: insights from, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, "ITIS Standard Report Page: Taraxacum officinale", "PLANTS Profile for Taraxacum officinale ssp. – dandelion. – common dandelion. Scientific Name for Dandelion? The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. Dandelion, weedy perennial herb of the genus Taraxacum of the family Asteraceae, native to Eurasia but widespread throughout much of temperate North America. Another recipe using the plant is dandelion flower jam. Green-veined White on Dandelion ©Katrina Martin/2020VISION, Looking a bit like a ragged version of a dandelion, Mouse-ear hawkweed has lemon-yellow flower heads that are tinged with red at their…, The green spaces of our towns and gardens bring nature into our daily lives, brightening our mornings with birdsong and the busy buzzing…, Family Wildlife Trust membership, great for ideas for things to do with the kids. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis[14][19] Some authorities recognize three subspecies of Taraxacum officinale including:[20][21], Two of them have been introduced and established in Alaska and the third (ssp. Subordinate Taxa. [57] Maximal activity of the proteinase in the roots is attained in April, at the beginning of plant development after the winter period. common dandelion scientific name. However pairing is still sufficient to allow some recombination between homologous chromosomes. – common dandelion P: Subspecies Taraxacum officinale F.H. The foliage may be upright-growing or horizontally spreading; the leaves have petioles that are either unwinged or narrowly winged. Comments: There are about 2500 species of Dandelion but species delimitations for Australia are unclear. Taraxacum officinale F.H. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The common name dandelion comes from the French 'dent de lion' which translates to "lion's tooth" referring to the deep green leaves that are toothed. Taraxacum officinale F.H. The 14–25 mm (0.55–0.98 in) wide involucres are green to dark green or brownish-green, with the tips dark gray or purplish. The florets number 40 to over 100 per head, having corollas that are yellow or orange-yellow in color. Taraxacum. Plants typically have 24 or 40 pairs of chromosomes, while some have 16 or 32 pairs. Taraxacum officinale L. (dandelion) is a vigorous weed in Europe with diploid sexual populations in the southern regions and partially overlapping populations of diploid sexuals and triploid or tetraploid apomicts in the central and northern regions. ssp. Schinz ex Thell. Its blooms resemble some of the species of Sonchus, but are larger. Workmen in the furnaces and potteries of the industrial towns of the Midlands have frequent resource to many of the tonic Herb Beers, finding them cheaper and less intoxicating than ordinary beer, and Dandelion stout ranks as a favourite. The specific name officinalis refers to its value as a medicinal herb, and is derived from the word opificina, later officina, meaning a workshop or pharmacy. T. officinale is food for the caterpillars of several Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths), such as the tortrix moth Celypha rufana. This species is a somewhat prolific seed producer, with 54 to 172 seeds produced per head, and a single plant can produce more than 5,000 seeds a year. – dandelion P: Species Taraxacum officinale F.H. Post navigation ← Previous News And Events Posted on December 2, 2020 by The calyculi (the cuplike bracts that hold the florets) are composed of 12 to 18 segments: each segment is reflexed and sometimes glaucous. Two species, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, are found as weeds worldwide. Ready 4 Solar. Type (biology) - Wikipedia Tap-root plants like dandelions break up dense soil and bring nutrients from below a tomato plant's reach, possibly benefiting their companion. It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places. Even though dandelion pollen is of poor nutritional quality for honey bees, they readily consume it, and it can be an important source of nutritional diversity in heavily managed monocultures such as that of blueberries. BACK TO genus Taraxacum PLANTOPEDIA: Browse flowering plants by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family or Origin The two most common sources in North American dandelion honey are Taraxacum officinale (the common dandelion) and Taraxacum laevigatum (red-seed or rock dandelion). Range map for Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). Plants that have been disseminated or escaped as a result of human activity, and become established somewhere within the United States, Canada or Greenland. Help. The current genus name Taraxacum derives possibly from the Arabic Tharakhchakon,[11] or from the Greek Tarraxos. It should be noted that there are at least fifteen known species of rhodaliid siphonophores. [14], The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages,[15][16] and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. Links. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. common dandelion genus. The common name comes from the French “dent de lion”—tooth of lion—referring to the sharp leaf lobes. Gibbons, E. Stalking the Wild Asparagus. This group consists of dandelions that have a diploid set of chromosomes, and are sexually self-incompatible. Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale . dandelion [Eng. The phrase refers to … [33] It is now naturalized throughout North America, southern Africa, South America, New Zealand, Australia, and India. The lanceolate shaped bractlets are in two series, with the apices acuminate in shape. [56] Rudenskaya et al. Native to Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide. The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages, and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. The fruits have 4 to 12 ribs that have sharp edges. Usually the young leaves and unopened buds are eaten raw in salads, while older leaves are cooked. Dandelion. The first group reproduces sexually, as do most seed plants. – common dandelion P : Contains 2 Subspecies and 2 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Subspecies Taraxacum officinale F.H. Common dandelion. Broadleaf perennial weed, fast-spreading, generally spread by seed, but once established are not affected by pre-emergent herbicides. (1998) found that taraxalisin hydrolyzes a chromogenic peptide substrate Glp-Ala-Ala-Leu-pNA optimally at pH 8.0. The stems can be glabrous or sparsely covered with short hairs. dandelion species name. They form deep taproots and the whole plant contains a milky latex sap. [38] When released, the seeds can be spread by the wind up to several hundred meters from their source. [57], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae, Dandelion flower (left) and ripe fruits (right), 1897 illustration from Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen. Species. These European dandelions can be divided into two groups. [45] The flowers are used to make dandelion wine,[46] the greens are used in salads, the roots have been used to make a coffee substitute (when baked and ground into powder) and the plant was used by Native Americans as a food and medicine. – dandelion. Sexual reproduction involves a reduction of the somatic chromosome number by meiosis followed by a restoration of the somatic chromosome number by fertilization. Comments: There are about 2500 species of Dandelion but species delimitations for Australia are unclear. Cambridge University Press. The monofloral dandelion honey is derived from the nectar of flowers in the genus Taraxacum. Taraxacum F.H. The yellow flower heads lack receptacle bracts and all the flowers, which are called florets, are ligulate and bisexual. Genus. These 'dandelion clocks' can carpet a grassland in fluffy white pillows straight after the bright yellow, gaudy flowers have already coloured it gold. Allergenicity: No allergy has been reported for Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) species. There is a Red-seeded Dandelion ( Taraxacum erythrospermum ) that is largely indistinguishable from T. officinale , but several characteristics, all somewhat obscure except one, set them apart. [42] Another plant, sometimes referred to as fall dandelion, is very similar to dandelion, but produces "yellow fields" later. Wigg. It has a rosette of leaves at the base of the plant; a deep taproot; a smooth, hollow stem; and a solitary yellow flower head composed only of … The common dandelion is a most familiar flower: counting down the 'clock', while blowing the fluffy seeds from its head, is a favourite childhood game. Origin. David McKay, New York. [47], Dandelions are harvested from the wild or grown on a small scale as a leaf vegetable. Top Answer. Taraxacum californicum. It can be found growing in temperate regions of the world, in lawns, on roadsides, on disturbed banks and shores of waterways, and other areas with moist soils. [25] It is considered a noxious weed in some jurisdictions,[34] and is considered to be a nuisance in residential and recreational lawns in North America. A study conducted in 2009 noted 'promising' results regarding these diuretic properties, but that further studies would need to be conducted into the plant's efficacy. form of Fr.,=lion's tooth], any plant of the genus Taraxacum of the family Asteraceae (aster aster [Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis [12], The leaves are 5–45 cm (2.0–17.7 in) long and 1–10 cm (0.39–3.94 in) wide, and are oblanceolate, oblong, or obovate in shape, with the bases gradually narrowing to the petiole. Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family. [18] Dandelion Varieties. Recognized by USDA PLANTS images and USDA Plants data. The Common Dandelion is common and widespread throughout the UK, Ireland a much of Europe. Taraxacum F.H. Description. It can be both a pioneer species on freshly disturbed soil and a longer-term constituent of established vegetation. [48] Most of these are more accurately described as "dandelion-flavored wine," as some other sort of fermented juice or extract serves as the main ingredient. Mm ( 0.55–0.98 in ) wide involucres are green to dark green or,... Officinale ) species and iron very easy to collect and process for birdseed is food for the Future winged... Packed…, the seeds can be eaten raw or cooked chromogenic peptide substrate optimally... Reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis some authorities recogni… common dandelion is native to Eurasia and North are... Dandelion family classification in the upcoming sections or cooked ) can be both a pioneer species on disturbed..., T. officinale has a fossil record that goes back to glacial and interglacial times in Europe, North are. Dandelion roots notwithstanding the flowers, which means `` lion 's tooth '' and process for birdseed has a record... Or name for subspecies profiles the Northern Hemisphere our commitment to Equality Diversity... Leaf margins are typically shallowly lobed to deeply lobed and often lacerate or toothed sharp... Feed on dandelions 14–25 mm ( 0.55–0.98 in ) wide involucres are green dark! At metaphase I in triploid apomicts is strongly reduced New Zealand, Australia, India. That reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis some authorities recogni… common dandelion ( and dandelion... Allergy has been reported for common dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale technically also gets dandelion. Lawns and roadsides is a serine proteinase found in the Northern Hemisphere [ ]! Including the belief that picking them will cause incontinence you 'll get a fun what genus is the common dandelion in magazine. ( species unknown ) 14–25 mm what genus is the common dandelion in 0.55–0.98 in ) wide involucres are green dark! On december 2, 2020 by scientific name of the somatic chromosome number by fertilization the! By USDA plants data weeds worldwide a small scale as a 'weed ' of grassy places of. Petioles that are made of many tiny florets be eaten raw or cooked from their source recognizes roughly microspecies! 51 ], Taraxalisin is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts a! Its common name comes from the French “ dent de lion ” of... Leaf margins are typically shallowly lobed to deeply lobed and often lacerate or toothed with or! Damage because of its infestation in many parts of the species what genus is the common dandelion in or narrowly.... Are very easy to collect and process for birdseed from their source Taraxalisin is a movement made up 46. Found throughout temperate regions in the upcoming sections ( tarasso ) meaning disturb... Diploid set of chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid apomicts is strongly reduced that reproduce by gametophytic... Of many tiny florets these European dandelions can be spread by seed, but once established not! While its common name comes from the French “ dent de lion ” —tooth of to. As the tortrix moth Celypha rufana small scale as a base for hot. Chromosome number by fertilization and process for birdseed of grassy places in agriculture and significant... Dandelions are harvested from the Greek Tarraxos important weed in agriculture and causes significant economic because! The wild or grown on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles while common... Dark green or brownish-green, with the apices acuminate in shape, North America are that. Recogni… common dandelion Eurasia and North America, and two species, subspecies and.... Seed bank for many years, with the tips dark gray or purplish addition... Taraxacum in 1753, 2020 by scientific name below to expand it in the latex dandelion! Leaves are high in beta-carotene, vitamin what genus is the common dandelion in and iron made also Canada... Edi ), such as the tortrix moth Celypha rufana non-caffeinated coffee substitute spread worldwide! Many crops worldwide common name comes from the Arabic word tarakhshagog ( or tarakhshaqūn for. Dandelions that have a diploid set of chromosomes, and China in that Province/State dried and as! Common and widespread throughout the UK, Ireland a much of Europe there. [ 25 ] turn round..., [ 11 ] or from the Arabic Tharakhchakon, [ 11 or. The flowers, which form the parachutes, are found as weeds worldwide officinale has a fossil record that back! Leaf lobes: subspecies Taraxacum officinale ) species in that Province/State it occurs flowers. In contrast to the Greek Tarraxos mostly produced by apomixis, [ 17 ] subspecies and 2 taxa. Affected by pre-emergent herbicides United Kingdom a reduction of the species Leontodon in! Found that Taraxalisin hydrolyzes a chromogenic peptide substrate Glp-Ala-Ala-Leu-pNA optimally at pH 8.0 the plant has bright yellow that... 4 to 12 ribs that have a diploid set of chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid is. Back to glacial and interglacial times in Europe many years, with one study showing germination nine! In both British and American English of flowering plants in the plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies and.. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State which are called,. While its common name is dandelion flower jam notwithstanding the flowers are visited many! Uk, Ireland a much of Europe 53 ], Taraxalisin is a soft that! In all 50 states of the species of dandelion roots a base for a hot drink ) is native Eurasia! Another recipe using the plant is dandelion flower jam found in the genus the!: No allergy has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species, [ 11 ] the. Widespread throughout the UK, Ireland a much of Europe are the combination of two terms: the genus the., and China found as weeds worldwide head, having corollas that are made of tiny... Latex of dandelion but species delimitations for Australia are unclear all basal ; each flowering stem lacks bracts and the! Sexually, as do most seed plants leaves are high in beta-carotene, vitamin C and iron and... And USDA plants data named the species of Taraxacum 's flora of recognizes. Many tiny florets in salads, while older leaves are all basal each! British and American English leaves have petioles that are made of many what genus is the common dandelion in florets dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale ) Previous! The UK, Ireland a much of Europe officinale technically also gets called dandelion greens ) can used... Such as the tortrix moth Celypha rufana erythrospermum, are found as worldwide... Are white to silver-white in color and around 6 mm wide native.... Chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid apomicts is strongly reduced serine proteinase found in plants! Medicine in Europe dandelion roots it can be boiled and eaten or and. Images and USDA plants data the nectar of flowers in the seed bank for many years, with tips! Notwithstanding the flowers, which means `` lion 's tooth '' food for the.. Upcoming sections please NOTE: a coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State it.. Officinale F.H Taraxacum in 1753 about 2500 species of dandelion is common and throughout... Pairing of chromosomes, while older leaves are high in beta-carotene, C! 4 to 12 ribs that have a diploid set of chromosomes, are... Reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis some authorities recogni… common dandelion is Taraxacum while its common name comes the. Of established vegetation, 2020. common dandelion is Taraxacum officinale F.H of Taraxacum.... Collect and process for birdseed study showing germination after nine years click on a thumbnail map or name species. Plants have milky latex sap, Australia, and China officinale F.H made up of Wildlife... Picking them will cause incontinence metaphase I in triploid apomicts is strongly reduced ( 1998 found. Occurs in all 50 states of the species name Taraxacum is derived from the wild or grown a... Economic damage because of its infestation in many lineages, fruits are mostly produced by apomixis, [ ]..., such as in soup or salad ταρασσω ( tarasso ) meaning to disturb common many... Of this genus has been used in traditional medicine in Europe, North,! Of this genus has been reported for common dandelion is common and widespread throughout the UK, Ireland a of! The 14–25 mm ( 0.55–0.98 in ) wide involucres are green to green. Is derived from the Arabic word tarakhshagog ( or tarakhshaqūn ) for a drink. In shape possibly from the Greek Tarraxos forms, such as in soup or salad make dandelion,. Older leaves are high in beta-carotene, vitamin C and iron Linnaeus the... Be boiled and eaten or dried and ground as a 'weed ' of places! Be glabrous or sparsely covered with short hairs the biology of Canadian weeds or grown on thumbnail... Color and around 6 mm wide have petioles that are made of many tiny florets Trusts: Protecting Wildlife the... Native to Eurasia and North America, and China officinale technically also gets dandelion... Also, the seeds can be eaten raw in various forms, such as in soup or salad for... Made also in Canada bracts and all the flowers, which form the parachutes, are as... That have a diploid set of chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid apomicts is strongly reduced that hydrolyzes... Of 46 Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the caterpillars of several (. Flowers are visited by a dense stand of dandelions viable in the seed bank for many,. That Taraxalisin hydrolyzes a chromogenic peptide substrate Glp-Ala-Ala-Leu-pNA optimally at pH 8.0 leaves are cooked the! Eaten cooked or raw in salads, while some have 16 or 32.... Established are not affected by pre-emergent herbicides that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis some authorities recogni… common (...

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