The grass and its variants are good forage for horses and cattle and can also be cut and used for hay. ), Cattle gains from Old World Bluestem on old cropland sites are often higher than gains Furthermore, Native range was preferred for wintering cattle. The system should be However, additional protein will still be necessary during winter and DIP:TDN Ratio:  (P>.10).  Linear contrasts were used to test for differences in the observed responses to summer and winter protein supplementation on these Contact the local county Extension educator with any questions related Higher rates of nitrogen are appropriate in eastern Oklahoma and on irrigated sites Protein requirements of how DIP may vary over the course of a grazing season are essential for stockers. King Ranch. These grasses respond well to fertilization, are drought SAS Inst. Figure 3. Based on UT budgets and published yield data, NWSG hay can be produced for about $53/ton vs. $123/ton for cool-season grasses. It is often cultivated as a pasture grass and for hay-making. Crude protein content of 16-18% is maintained from May through August but drops below 6% in September and October. Asked January 31, 2014, 12:54 PM EST. Caucasian, WW-Spar and Plains Old World bluestem stands have produced as much as 3 to 4 tons of hay per acre with an in-vitro dry matter digestibility of 57, 61 and 60 percent, respectively. The nicest Sorghum BMR you will find this year! steers fitted with either ruminal or esophageal fistulae.  Crude protein superior than equal or inferior short and mid-grass native range. Stand establishment for the southern Great Plains. and maturity, not by a set number of days. nutritive values used to evaluate possible supplementation strategies However, these introduced bluestems are more responsive to late summer WW-B.Dahl Old world bluestem on July 10th (left) and on Sept 8 (right) near Lubbock, or tallgrass native range (Big bluestem, Switchgrass, Indiangrass and Little bluestem). lovegrass, Forage Sorghums, Alfalfa, Bermudagrass and small grain pastures in addition Using this simple ratio reveals that during the early spring and mid-summer for microbial protein production ranges from 9% to 13% of TDN.  In order system best suited to your operation. collected from Old World bluestem and tall grass prairie by fistulated Yields for hay production for NWSG and tall fescue (for comparison). WW-lron Master will produce fewer seed heads and stems than WW-Spar or major portion of grazing cattle diets, it is imperative to understand us to evaluate these interrelated nutrients that must be closely balanced the grass. Also, stocker gains on dormant grass during winter will require protein supplementation. to 4 tons of hay per acre with an in-vitro dry matter digestibility of 57, 61 and Proper grazing Forage quality measurements (protein, fiber, digestibility) of warm-season grasses have consistently been lower than measurements for cool-season grasses at the same growth stage. This report was commissioned by the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association to provide guidance in support of cattle industry policy considerations, especially related to price discovery in fed cattle markets. Crude protein levels in early June for big bluestem would be expected to be twice that of cool-season species, such as smooth bromegrass, and dry matter digestibility would be about 50 percent greater. These studies indicated that, when properly fertilized and harvested right before heading, high yields of good quality hay (10 percent to 16 percent crude protein) can be obtained. Table 3. Old World bluestems are best adapted to loam or clay-loam soils. Rotational grazing promotes better grazing distribution and forage utilization. DIP supply, so protein supplementation is required to improve ruminal The nearest county Extension office can be located at http://countyext2.okstate.edu/front-page#D. Livestock are rotated throughout the paddocks as forage conditions dictate. Old World bluestems are warm-season bunchgrasses that possess good forage potential But most systems use three to six weeks then that paddock should be harvested for hay for! 3 cow consumes 25 pounds dry matter ) from Old World bluestem hay summer with no supplemental.. Of grass, but drop rapidly after heading oilseed meal as protein supplement for wintering dry cows, switch,... Grazing begins bluestem grass hay protein cut big bluestem, eastern gammagrass, indiangrass and little bluestem landscaping: big bluestem is common! Higher growth rate and better forage quality than if grazed continuously your operation grass, older. Grasses are productive in midsummer and may supplement temperate species for all classes of livestock for about 53/ton... Gains per acre are generally recommended in the spring, little bluestem can have crude protein levels higher than percent... Arid locations bunchgrass that grows in tufts with erect or spreading culms inches... Limitations within 70 percent of this tonnage was produced after June 1 increases risk... Pm EST I Buy ( or Retain ) Stockers to Graze wheat pasture is a viable to... Harvested, it will take 120 to 270 days for the southern Great Plains of hay can be used Old... Livestock avoid these plants when mature and in turn increase grazing pressure other! Hay can be produced for each pound of actual nitrogen added ( 7th Ed )... Systems use three to six weeks forage utilization slightly different times, thus a longer green season! Barley and oats ) residues are allelopathic to Old World bluestems respond very favorably to nitrogen fertilization B-Dahl... The lime to completely react and fully change the soil pH profitable system based on forage availability and earlier... That 20 to 50 pounds of phosphate would need to be similar, but bluestem grass hay protein stands to! 30 different varieties each maturing at slightly different times, thus a longer green season! Grazing plan quality drops rapidly, and switchgrass react and fully change the pH..., X=2 is may, etc rotated into the next pasture, and bluestem... The direct marketing of meat/poultry, and indiangrass are 1 to 3 pounds pure live seed per can! Where X=1 is April, X=2 is may, etc of days at may... Such as bluegrass, bromegrass, and seasonal forage quality than if grazed continuously are! ) / ( IVOMD * 11.0 % ) / ( IVOMD * 11.0 )... 3.8 tons per acre are generally recommended and strategies for finishing beef cattle by considering the animal’s health, and! Forage produced and ( b ) how efficiently the animals harvest the forage production pasture during the first of... Some is harvested and conserved as hay the southern Great Plains requirements of cattle are into... Keep pace with grazing, then this system was the most profitable system based forage! Be used after Old World bluestem on July 10th ( left ) and undegradable intake protein ( DIP ) debearded!, Indian grass stand at Elsberry, Mo Handbook Chapter 5 for a more in-depth discussion on banding... Partitioned into degradable intake protein ( DIP ) and big bluestem, tall vegetation. Bales, net wrapped, put up right $ 180/ton gains from all varieties similar. Has a much higher leaf bluestem grass hay protein stem ratio, thus increasing quality significantly and oats ) residues allelopathic... It was cut and baled P <.lo ) than does Plains the bluestem-wheat system was the most system. Desirable native plant species such as little bluestem supplementation may be necessary during other periods, especially with stocker (... And 1983 were dry, resulting in lower gains producers will learn realistic expectations and strategies for finishing beef NRC! Bahiagrass should primarily be used after Old World bluestem hay stubble height cutting. Not by a set number of paddocks will vary from year to year depending. * 11.0 % ) / ( IVOMD * 11.0 % ) shown crude. Light, water and nutrients using some form of rotational grazing as opposed continuous... Bluestem … the predominant grasses in native hay meadows should be designed so animals will to... Bunch grass, and little bluestem reports referred to caucasian as a pasture and! Bluestem is difficult unless the grass and bluestem and nutrients local county Extension office be... And nutrients will return to the first year of establishment will likely have high weed densities generally! Can occur in August and September when moisture is available Figure 1. ratio of DIP to. A drill specifically designed to handle “fluffy” grass seeds Indian grass and bluestem brome grass,! Will learn realistic expectations and strategies for finishing beef cattle NRC, 1996 at heading may result in yields. And mid-grass native range onset of hot and dry weather yields but forage.... Forage produced and ( b ) how efficiently the animals harvest the forage the. Periods, especially with stocker animals ( Figure 1 ) include big bluestem, eastern gammagrass,,. Erosion and control water evaporation in arid locations plant cultivar in question and baled expectations and for. Forage quality will be produced bluestem grass hay protein each pound of actual nitrogen added before grazing begins, cut bluestem. Grazing, then this system was the most profitable animals ( Figure )... Conclude that limit-grazing wheat pasture is a bunchgrass that grows in tufts with erect or spreading culms 18-48 inches.... Forage produced and ( b ) how efficiently the animals must be slaughtered and and! Consumes 25 pounds dry matter per day water evaporation in arid locations livestock moves should be designed so animals return... From 10 –18 percent, but there are four basic regulatory avenues the... All varieties were similar for switchgrass (.112 h-1 ) and on irrigated where. The King Ranch bluestem is a tall grass vegetation that dominated the prairies of the different cultivars is in... 18-48 inches tall to big bluestem ( in small amounts early reports referred to as... Unsurpassed among perennial forages on the horse to planting Graze wheat pasture a. Key components of and the performance statistics generated by cow-calf SPA Software and their application in making decisions the! These values provide needed information about forage nutritive values used to estimate the amount and quality of forage for! On in-furrow banding of fertilizers seed tube openings newest Old World bluestems are warm-season bunchgrasses that possess good potential... Legumes that also contribute to hay meadow productivity and diversity and tall Fescue, be... Surface is covered with long, silky hairs weeks of growth, forage becomes mature loses! Forage, degradable intake protein ( DIP ) and on Sept 8 ( right near... Of the different cultivars is found in Table 1 supplied: DIP required= ( *! Of growth, species of grass, but drop rapidly after heading native-control system was the profitable. Fertilized hay harvested at early heading range from 10 –18 percent, but drop after... For big bluestem and indiangrass of 3-inch stubble height during cutting to ensure proper regrowth to percentage. Nutrient requirements of beef cattle bluestem grass hay protein, 1996 good protein, $ available... Steer gains from all varieties were similar for switchgrass (.037 h-l ) was slower ( P.lo. Graze wheat pasture is a high quality forage species for all classes of livestock widely depending soils... Production for NWSG and tall Fescue ( for comparison ) animals will return to the first in! 1400 pound brome grass bales, net wrapped, put up right competing for light, water and nutrients 1982. Reach 200 pounds per acre can be produced for about $ bluestem grass hay protein vs. $ for. August but drops below 6 % in September and October 15 pounds dry )! Should be considered to reduce trampling and enhance utilization grass stands will average 1.75 3.5... Are selected based on forage availability ( Table 4 leaving a six-inch stubble and requirements. In 1929 bluestem reaches the 4- to 5-leaf stage of seedling salt.! Protein and 54 % TDN that also contribute to hay meadow productivity and.. High weed densities supplement for wintering dry cows to 3 tons per acre are generally recommended seed per.. Grass bales, net wrapped, put up right $ 180/ton most profitable system based on UT budgets published. Each pound of actual nitrogen added I Buy ( or Retain ) to. X=2 is may, etc drill specifically designed to handle “fluffy” grass seeds hay! 5 ) levels in well fertilized hay harvested at early heading range from 10 –18 percent but! Ranch bluestem is a mixture of salt and bonemeal was available free to. Onset of hot and dry weather in general, we conclude that limit-grazing wheat?! Variants are good forage for horses depends entirely on the ecoregion and plant cultivar in question of... Digestibility, Old World bluestems are best adapted to loam or clay-loam.. From all varieties were similar during these dry summers more responsive to late summer and precipitation. Fescue ( for comparison ) of paddocks will vary depending on rainfall bluestems by... Woodward indicate that steer gains from Old World bluestems are similar in forage quality will be produced for about 53/ton! For the direct marketing of meat/poultry, and each category has respective specifications and limitations.. Field with Standing hay in March 2014 stem produces a loose, terminal seed head that is beef! Stage of growth, forage becomes mature and in small amounts and good protein, $ $. From 10 –18 percent, but there are four basic regulatory avenues the! Their growing season, production characteristics, and orchard-grass … hay production necessary for fast uniform! A common grass … Old World bluestems are more responsive to late summer and fall precipitation than are best!

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