New York: Scribner, 2003. Available online at http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/scopes/scopes.htm. They resented not only the ban on practices that were acceptable within their own cultures but also the loss of the saloons themselves. The worst problem EVER in the the 1920's was a club called the Ku Klux Klan. Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb were two young men from extremely wealthy, prestigious families. No Asian immigrants were allowed at all. New York: Atheneum, 1965. It is ironic that a decade so often associated with carefree drinking is also one in which it was illegal to make or sell alcoholic beverages. Those who had worked hard to make the United States an alcohol-free society, however, rejoiced. This would forever be known as Black Tuesday. Clark, Norman H. Deliver Us from Evil: An Interpretation of American Prohibition. An initial source of the movement was a…, Buchanan, Pat Most would agree that it would be rather difficult to receive a fair and impartial trial when being displayed as caged animals. Loeb fantasized about being a master criminal and was exhilarated by committing burglaries, setting fires, stealing cars, and vandalizing storefronts. Dr. Sweet hoped that since he was a physician, he and his family would not have to endure the same acts of violence. The war and the rise of the Communist Party in Russia had created an atmosphere of suspicion and fear about radical or unfamiliar political views. Each nation was allowed a quota (a fixed number allowed to immigrate) of 3 percent of the number of foreign-born residents from that country who had been in the United States at the time of the 1910 Census (the official population count, taken every ten years). On Tuesday, October 29, 1929, over 16.4 million shares were traded on the New York Stock Exchange in a single day, causing a downward spiral that would prove to be a catalyst in sending the United States into the Great Depression. People flocked to theaters to see silent movies, and toward the end of the decade, filmmakers were starting to introduce the “talkies.”. 1973: War ceases – The Vietnam War ends. The Eighteenth and Twenty-First Amendments: Alcohol-Prohibition and Repeal. Capone: The Life and World of Al Capone. Shortly after the trial, Dr. Sweet’s young child and his wife both contracted tuberculosis and died from their illnesses. 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s. Learn about 330 famous, scandalous and important events that happened in 1920 or search by date or keyword. The trials cost him most of his money, and he died in 1933 from a heart attack at the age of 46.. New York: Harper Colophon, 1964. The witness owned a pig farm on the road where the bodies were found. Join now. Today, many wonder how Prohibition could have possibly ever happened. Nothing was ever proven, and some wondered if a crime had been committed at all or if it was possibly a long-term illness that Rappe finally succumbed to. The man would be identified as the Reverend Edward Wheeler Hall, who was the pastor of the local Episcopal church. Within moments of it going into effect, numerous accounts of violence and the theft of alcohol were reported. Capone was also known as the most ruthless and brutal of organized crime figures. By World War I, immigrants were arriving at the rate of nearly one million per year, and about 80 percent of these were of the new variety. The heavy traffic in illegal liquor brought about an increase in criminal activity, with organized crime figures (groups of criminals who worked together and often fought each other for control of particular areas or cities). They felt that their way of life was threatened by the different ways and ideas of the newcomers. Gossip had long linked the reverend and the choir singer as a couple, even though both spouses claimed to know nothing about it, which is curious when you consider statements that were made during the following conversation: Mrs. Hall said to Mr. Mills, “Mr. Covered by the tabloids and even the more serious New York Times, the trial ended in the defendant's acquittal. Accessed on June 17, 2005. The liquor sold in these places was provided by bootleggers. Despite the fact that they were both married, they immersed themselves into a long-term affair. The case resulted in a mistrial due to a hung jury (the jury was unable to reach a verdict, so the trial came to an end), and the charges against Sweet were dropped. She was made out to be a promiscuous, coldhearted, “non-female” monster in the news and was called a devouring “serpent” by the prosecutor. Alphonse Capone was born in New York City, and he was familiar with the life of the streets from an early age. Palmer organized a campaign against not only admitted Communists and other radicals but also people who were only suspected of having the wrong ideas about America. Gangs and mobsters (the popular term for this kind of criminal) ran houses of prostitution and gambling rings and sold drugs. Join now. Dr. Sweet knew of the troubles that other African Americans had faced when trying to buy homes in what were considered “white neighborhoods” in the 1920s. Trading was so intense that the ticker machines couldn’t keep up and would be 2.5 hours behind by the close of the day. Those who opposed the Klan were, of course, alarmed at the progress the group was making in the political realm. Accessed on June 17, 2005. He was forced to delay his university education because of his father's illness, but by 1916 had received a bachelor's degree in law, and the next year a master's degree, from George Washington University. More groups now sprang into action, including the Methodist Church, the Women's Christian Temperance Union (1874), the Anti-Saloon League (1895), and the Prohibition Party (formed in 1872, this party sponsored anti-alcohol presidential candidates). On second glance, they would soon find that it was horrifyingly different than what it first appeared. During the 1920s, polio (poliomyelitis, or infantile paralysis) was still an infectious and deadly disease. Darrow managed to expose contradictions in the testimony of the white onlookers, and he successfully defended the shooting as self-defense rather than an attack on peaceful white pedestrians, as the prosecution had tried to portray the incident. Also alarming was the revival of the Ku Klux Klan, a white terrorist group that had been active in the South during the Reconstruction Era (the period following the American Civil War; 1861–65). This trend caused alarm among "old stock" citizens of the United States, those whose ancestors had come long ago from northern and western Europe. New York: Random House, 1971. Unlike the Protestant majority, these people were often Catholics or Jews, and their cultural habits and beliefs were different. Hooded Americanism: The History of the Ku Klux Klan. They then proceeded to smother him with chloroform-soaked cloths and used picture wire to strangle him. On January 17, 1920, after many years of fighting, the 18th Amendment was born, and it became illegal to manufacture, sell, or transport alcohol. In its earlier days, the Klan had committed many violent acts against African Americans in order to prevent them from achieving political and social equality. In 1851 the state of Maine banned the manufacture and sale of alcoholic drinks, and by 1855 twelve more states had done the same. hide. 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